The State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) has issued guidelines covering how banks that want to be fully-fledged shariah compliant can achieve that status, setting a three-year timeframe for applicants to complete the process.
The rules aim to accelerate the growth of Islamic banking in Pakistan. The sector enjoys double-digit growth but lags conventional banks in terms of size and profitability.
Islamic banks follow religious principles such as bans on interest and pure monetary speculation, ruling out the use of interest-based financial instruments such as bonds and treasury bills.
Eligible applicants must have existing Islamic finance operations and the conversion process must start within six months of approval, the central bank said in a circular. After the conversion of conventional branches, the applicant can then apply for a full-fledged Islamic banking license.
Converting back to conventional banking operations will not be allowed, said a circular issued by Pakistan’s central bank. Such conversions are rare in Islamic finance but are seen as a way to increase the scale of Islamic banking and widen its reach into under-served rural areas.
Islamic banking in Pakistan currently includes five full-fledged Islamic banks and 16 conventional banks offering Islamic financial products. As of March, they held assets worth 1.9 trillion rupees ($17.9 billion), a 16 per cent increase from a year earlier and 11.7 per cent of total banking assets. However, their capitalisation and profitability ratios remain below the industry average in Pakistan.