In search of a saviour

Published: January 20, 2013

The writer is a journalist based between Karachi and London. She was formerly a staff writer at the New Statesman

Tahirul Qadri’s Long March has ended and it is not immediately clear whether it was with a fizzle or a bang. Last week saw days of high drama as Qadri and his supporters camped outside parliament and the Supreme Court ordered the prime minister’s arrest. Then, on January 17, Qadri summoned politicians to his armoured shipping container (you couldn’t make it up) and a deal was reached. The response has been mixed. Some claim that the government has capitulated to Qadri in agreeing to give the self-styled anti-corruption campaigner a say in appointing the caretaker prime minister, committing to dissolve the parliament by March 16 and pledging to screen candidates in advance to establish their honesty. Conversely, others point out that Qadri did not succeed in achieving the immediate dissolution of parliament, the resignation of the government or the reconstitution of the election commission.

Unless something else happens to derail the process, Pakistan will go to the polls later this year and it will be without any major changes to the electoral system. This will be a historic election: the first time since independence that a civilian government will be completing its full tenure and Pakistanis will have a chance to vote it out and elect another. On the surface, at least, it seems that everyone in the halls of power is committed to ensuring that it goes ahead.

Now that the immediate political crisis of last week has passed, what does the Qadri phenomenon tell us about the current landscape in Pakistan? Firstly, this was a reminder that the looming threat of overthrow is never far away. One of Qadri’s key demands was that the military and the judiciary should play a role in the caretaker government (a point which has notably been left out of the agreement). Alarm bells rang. During his epic addresses to the crowd in Islamabad, the preacher praised these two other centres of power, the judiciary, and “those armed forces, who are highly sincere, highly competent and highly capable and highly professional”. The alarm bells got louder. This glowing support for the judiciary and the military, combined with Qadri’s apparently limitless funding and the timing of the Supreme Court order for the PM’s arrest, caused serious concern that this was a coup by the backdoor.

Yet, as the pressure built last week, neither the judiciary nor the military openly backed Qadri. It may be that the suspicions are misplaced. But it is also true that these two powerful bodies have been reticent over the past few years, demonstrating that they are well aware that public opinion would decisively turn against them were they to grab power. People want more democracy, not less.

For citizens to enact a change in government through the ballot box is a fundamental tenet of a democratic state. But if the general public in Pakistan is geared up for the election, there is something of a lack of enthusiasm about the choices on offer. Putting aside the issue of Qadri’s motivations, the very speed of his ascension tells us something about the current climate. He returned to Pakistan from Canada barely a month ago, yet despite years of relative obscurity, managed to precipitate a full-on political crisis. The barnstorming speech he gave at the Minar-e-Pakistan in Lahore on December 23, condemned the rampant corruption prevalent at all levels of government. It struck a chord with a public frustrated with the state’s apparent inability to clamp down on terrorism or improve the country’s flailing economy.

According to last year’s Pew Survey, 87 per cent of Pakistanis are dissatisfied with the direction in which the country is going. A similar percentage — 89 per cent — said that the national economic situation is bad, with large majorities rating unemployment, crime, terrorism and corruption as major problems. With every bomb attack, with every power cut, people are reminded of these grievances.

High levels of corruption are everywhere: the police, the judiciary, the government. On Transparency International’s 2012 index, Pakistan came out as the 34th most corrupt country in the world, tied with Nigeria and Kenya. Corruption is everywhere, from school admissions, to court cases, to health care. And it goes right to the very top. The visible signs of rampant corruption in the political system from the local to the national level, even as the country’s lights go out and many people live on less than one dollar a day, have caused widespread disillusionment. None of the main parties is exempt from this. People are tired of politicians who appear to be getting richer and showing scant concern for their constituents. They are tired of being unable to support themselves while the rich grow richer.

At one extreme, militants decry the democratic government as pro-West and inherently corrupt. But among the vast majority of the public, there is an appetite for someone who treads the middle ground: opposing corruption in a genuine way, but simultaneously supporting democracy and standing against terrorism.

It was to this powerful public feeling that Qadri appealed, evidenced by the passion of some of his supporters, who told newspapers and television stations that they would camp out for as long as it took for their demands to be met. For a disenfranchised people, the Long March provided a chance to be heard.

He was not the first. In October 2011, Imran Khan addressed 100,000 supporters in Lahore, calling for a ‘tsunami’ against the ruling parties. This was followed up with another huge gathering of 250,000 in Karachi in December 2011. His talk of ending corruption and creating a new, cleaner democracy struck a chord and his approval ratings rocketed. It appeared to be a game-changer. Now, more than a year later, the momentum seems to have gone. Whispers about Khan’s dealings with reactionary Islamist groups have been damaging, though perhaps, not on the same scale as whispers about Qadri’s relationship with the military.

The sheer numbers of people willing to turn out in support of these ideals — cleaner government, a fairer system — demonstrates public desperation for a saviour. Sadly, we have not found one yet.

Published in The Express Tribune, January 21st, 2013.

Reader Comments (12)

  • Maula Jut
    Jan 20, 2013 - 11:56PM

    No one can save the people from themselves. This whole society is based on kinship, biradri and networking, topped by kickbacks or outright bribery. This is the situation all over the so called developing world. We can make a start by punishing those with ample proof against them. Hoping that the politicians will clean up the system is naive.

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  • Diggvijay Singh
    Jan 21, 2013 - 12:25AM

    Clean governance is vital for third-world economies like India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Nepal. Corruption exists in the Western world too but it inflicts terrible pain in the poorer Asian and African countries. When the tax collection is poor, and funds allocated for development are stashed away in overseas banks, it effectively snatches away the roti from the hands of the labor-class people (it is not so in richer countries). Chronic hunger is one of the worst violations of human rights.
    Leaders then need to be firm, even-handed and wise to control the excesses of group fanaticism or sectarian tendencies of any form. There is nothing wrong with Islam; it is the few misguided, gun-wielding practitioners brainwashed by semi-educated clerics who caricature Islam. As a non-Muslim from India who has read the Quran, I can vouch for its message of peace and wisdom. The corruption of its teachings by certain Maulavis across Pakistan has to be contained immediately. This can be done by putting in place a state-controlled stringent examination system where a candidate has to ace subjects like sociology, political science, jurisprudence and some empirical science in addition to the scriptures to be eligible to preach in an Islamic seminary. Anyone without the degree can’t preach even in smaller seminaries. This will stop religion falling into unqualified evil hands. A strong leader of high moral character and great fortitude is needed to implement this religious education policy.

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  • Taimoor
    Jan 21, 2013 - 1:33AM

    It seems pretty obvious to me, Imran khan seems to have everything one wants wikileaks even proved it but if the pakistani public is still confused then they deserve the waderas. This is not as complicated as the sensational media makes it.

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  • Sharif
    Jan 21, 2013 - 3:19AM

    Read the agreement if you are not clear “whether it was with a fizzle or a bang” !! I mean without going through the outcome, you started analyzing! This piece of trash may only fit in Urdu Digest.

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  • andleeb (Canada)
    Jan 21, 2013 - 4:15AM

    The maximum progress made in Pakistan was under Ayub Khan and Musharraf. We are not ready for democracy. Quadri (a Canadian I am proud of) supports strict sharia and military rule, and is the right medicine for Pakistan. We Pakistanis need to sacrifice more if we want progress.

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  • Alex
    Jan 21, 2013 - 1:20PM

    @andleeb (Canada):
    So you want shariah law and military law for your fellow Pakistanis while you enjoy your rights protected as a religious minority in free and democratic Canada?!?! Maybe in Canada they should have a blasphemy law whereby Muslim Pakistani daughters of immigrants were condemned to death if some neighbours claimed to overhear them saying that Jesus was not the son of God. Wouldn’t that be fun for you?! The cynicism of overseas Pakistanis never ceases to surprise me.

    Good article by the way. Congratulations to the author.

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  • Parvez
    Jan 21, 2013 - 1:51PM

    You are right the people are desperate for a saviour…………in the form of an election that will give an equal chance for the good or the bad to be chosen. Here lies the problem, because the system is designed so that only the bad can win.

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  • Qasim
    Jan 21, 2013 - 2:37PM

    @Parvez:
    Could not agree more “the system is designed so that only the bad can win”.

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  • Jan 21, 2013 - 5:13PM

    It is an admitted fact that
    people have frustrated from existing system and political leader phenomenon.
    What is the result of long march,people drenched in the biting cool,they waiting change but change looked no atround the side in power accepted no single demand As for as general election is concerned it has has already said that they would be held in time

    Constitution can not be put aside,we would adopted it fully.The right way as narrated by experienced constitutional expert can not be ignored that is the right way leading to peaceful destination.

    According to my considered opinion,people shouldn’t trust on political leaders,they are always talk about self interest,always remain in search of short-cut way leadeing to power corridors.

    No one interested in free and fair election,partner is being search,huge investment is being made.

    As for as commodities of daily use is conconceren,no one looks talking about it,power crisis increasing gas has disappeared.
    Load sheding in the winter season PPP government zinda bad.

    Judiciary and armed forces now before us thay are last and final ray of hope,that’s all.

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  • ishrat salim
    Jan 21, 2013 - 5:58PM

    @Qasim: you are correct…..

    And that is what Dr Qadri exposed…..that is the reason he demanded electoral reforms including implementation of clause 62,63 & 218 (3)…..

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  • Roni
    Jan 21, 2013 - 7:25PM

    We want to continue believing a man would descend who would replace petrol with water, double my money, stop me from adding water to milk and not make fake drugs. I believe those on welfare of the West are better than Pakistani citizens. We believe all our social ills are due to the conspiracy of the West not our fault. Let us go and find another con man to follow.

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  • Z.Khan
    Jan 21, 2013 - 7:47PM

    No savior will be successful for short duration. Reformation of a society, a complicated and gigantic task. Social fabric of Pakistani society is extremely complicated. Tribal traditions, family bondage, cast, wealth, religion and many other factors play their role. In true sense very less people are educated to grasp the real concept of democratic system. Even after 65 years votes are given only to those who are influential and have feudal or strong family impact on the masses. In neighbouring country, at the time of Mr Nehru things were put on right track. Here in Pakistan story is different. One puts things on track and then some one else comes and uproot the ongoing system. Every new comer starts again from basics. Current set up also did the same and additionally never became free from fear of toppling up as such was unable to deliver some thing concrete. Most of the current government energy was spent to keep on rolling the so called democracy without delivering any thing to the masses.
    Even a new savior comes next five years also will not bear any fruit unless basics are put in right direction. Foremost the political parties to bring in the competence in their file and ranks rather than loyalists. Get guarantee from military brass not to exert pressure on civil elite. Select the top notches on the basis of competence, honesty rather than with a strong will only to stay in power. Get the national goals or priorities re adjusted as per the actual facts on ground. Ensure absolute justice to all and separate the religious and state matters every thing will start moving in right direction.

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