The notion that jihadi culture prospered in Pakistan with Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979 is wrong.
“Various jihadi organisations were active in Pakistan at the time of its inception,” contended Muhammad Amir Rana, head of the Pakistan Institute of Peace Studies (PIPS), in a paper published in the “Conflict and Peace Studies” journal published here on Wednesday.
The journal also explores the Bonn Summit on Afghanistan, saying its fate depends largely on the type of conflict resolution framework it will offer to Afghanistan to address its post US withdrawal challenges.
It also provides useful analytical insights into conflict management and conflict resolution efforts in various ongoing conflicts and insurgencies in South Asia.
The paper on Afghanistan underlines the fact that faced with enormous challenges at political, security and economic fronts, Afghanistan has to prepare itself by 2014 with the help and support of international community to sustain itself as a peaceful and functional state.
The paper on Swat notes that the conflict that apparently began with socio-political motives soon mutated into a struggle for achieving economic benefits. “Geopolitics and wealth accumulation, and not public good, were the driving factors of Swat insurgency,” says the paper.
The paper on Maoist insurgency suggests that despite a number of inherent differences, certain measures in the Nepali peace process can be used for peaceful settlement of the Maoist conflict in India.
Ajith Balassoriya’s study examines the manner in which Sri Lankan government is proceeding with its post-conflict peace building efforts.
Published in The Express Tribune, October 20th, 2011.
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