Ms Khar’s ‘eight points’ on Pakistan-India

Published: August 10, 2011

Federal Minister for Foreign Affairs Hina Rabbani Khar shaking hands with Indian External Affairs Minister SM Krishna in New Delhi. PHOTO: INP

Inaugurating debate on India-Pakistan relations in the National Assembly, Foreign Minister Hina Rabbani Khar has described her recent visit to New Delhi as the opening a new chapter with India after the two neighbouring states broke off dialogue in the wake of the November 2008 terrorist attack in Mumbai. She emphasised that this time the atmospherics were promising, which she interpreted as a positive assessment of the current government in Islamabad. Her Indian counterpart, SM Krishna, who had a bad last meeting with Ms Khar’s predecessor, Shah Mahmood Qureshi, was pointedly friendly this time around.

The next round of India-Pakistan talks, Ms Khar says, will discuss the famous eight points representing Pakistan’s view of what is wrong with the bilateral equation: “counter-terrorism; economic and commercial cooperation; the construction of Wullar barrage (what India calls the Tulbul project) that Pakistan thinks will affect the flow of the Jhelum river from Indian Kashmir, the disputed Siachen glacier in Kashmir; the dispute over the maritime boundary at Sir Creek; peace and security, including confidence-building measures; the dispute over the Jammu and Kashmir state; and promotion of friendly exchanges.”

Will we go through the old pantomime of clichés in the next round or is there actually a breakthrough waiting for us this time? It appears that the world expects the bilateral equation to get out of the old rut of repeating irreconcilable positions. Newspaper editorials in the US expressed optimism about Ms Khar’s remarks in New Delhi. The rumour was that global diplomacy had put pressure on India to stop stonewalling Pakistan’s efforts at resuming a post-Mumbai phase of dialogue with it. What could be the content of this pressure from Washington and London?

First, there was talk of Pakistan wanting to end its warlike engagement with India on the eastern border in order to be able to face the trouble on its western border effectively. Pakistan’s ‘condition’ for this was India ending the concentration of troops on the Pakistani border before it would withdraw its own troops. On the other hand, India was pressured into changing its stance on the Mumbai attack and the policy line it dictated to the Indian ministry of external affairs. The outgoing Indian foreign secretary who handled this policy surprised a lot of people when she publicly regretted that India had erred in breaking off dialogue with Pakistan after Mumbai.

Ms Khar’s plan to ‘deepen’ the engagement process with India can mean a lot of things if it is not an empty phrase. Pakistan will be resuming its talks with India, which at this point in time, clearly enjoys an advantage in terms of being in a stronger position to negotiate with one of its neighbours. Today’s India, which is pro-status quo, has since added to its negotiating posture more plus points, the most important one being its economic success in parallel to Pakistan’s frighteningly real crumbing of the national economy in the face of its own home-grown terrorism. Its global allies, the US and China, may be on the critical point of reassessing their estimate of Pakistan as a good horse to bet on. The ‘eight points’ are in fact distractions to the urgent bilateral agenda that the two are ignoring. The idea, developed laboriously by now-retired Pakistani diplomats, is that first peace must be created before the two start doing what states at peace with each other normally do: engage in political and economic détente. The truth is that this modus operandi has never worked in history, especially if the two sides have agendas that refuse to gel together because of lack of flexibility. Any agreement will work if each side keeps some space to give the other what it wants. A status quo power with clout will not be willing to accommodate its neighbours partially because it doesn’t need anything from them. Peace is what removes disputes by defusing them. And peace is achieved not by removing disputes but by allowing positive things to happen. The big thing waiting for this wisdom to dawn is free trade and trade routes. A ‘connecting state’ — east-west and north-south — such as Pakistan is geopolitically important only if it allows goods and people to pass through its territory. In military thinking, geopolitical importance is attained by blocking the transit of goods. Nothing could be more wrong.

Published in The Express Tribune, August 11th, 2011.

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Reader Comments (9)

  • Paras Vikmani
    Aug 10, 2011 - 8:27PM

    Peace can happen if Mumbai is given justice.

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  • Mohan Ram
    Aug 10, 2011 - 10:52PM

    Peace can happen if the Pakistani Establishment can stand down and let the elected gogernment do the negotiations without the establishment’s interfearence and common sense prevail

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  • dr sabk
    Aug 11, 2011 - 1:09AM

    salam……..peace can happen if only india comes out of self righeousness, and arrogance…the are self proclaimed studs in the region…..please let the peace give a chance.lets spread love and harmoney ..why it is always indians comment on pakistani paper about their self proclaimed righeousness and pakistanis comment on indian news papers ..vice versa……let peace do the talking…lets forget past and see the harmonoius future…love to all hate for non…..salam to all GLORY TO THE ONLY GOD.

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  • Plal
    Aug 11, 2011 - 7:09AM

    In 1971 after Bangladesh war,India was holding 90,000 Pakistani POW,but even then from that position of strength it let it go,which Benazir Bhutto in her autobiography has called it as diplomatic victory,So India may show flexibility, if a reasonable proposal is on table.

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  • Tony Singh
    Aug 11, 2011 - 8:44AM

    Start with troop withdrawal from Pak held Kashmir and right to return of refugees who left their ansestral land during partition.

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  • ashok sai
    Aug 11, 2011 - 9:41AM

    If India to take look at those 8 points Pakistan has to answer and solve India’s one and only point, ‘Stop using terrorists as proxy against India’.

    Point 1 to 8 : Stop using terrorists as proxy against India.

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  • pallav
    Aug 11, 2011 - 1:15PM

    praise the lord!!
    lets start bcricket series , football series , hockey series!! so that sports becomes an important factor for the two countries!! lets the pakistani players play in IPl!! then the pakistani public will support the indian teams like kolkata or delhi or mumbai!! this will increase the emotions , feelings for the indian ipl teams and more fans will cross border to see the matches which in a way will increase the revenues of the govt. only!! and also increase the ties between the two countries!!
    love all serve all
    sai ram

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  • Feroz
    Aug 11, 2011 - 2:12PM

    What Hina Khar says and feels is of no consequence as she cannot control the outlook or actions of the Establishment. She is really not the one who has sheltered, trained, armed of financed the non state actors and she does not have the authority or power to prosecute those terrorists. The Indians are not fools not to know that but maintaining dignity and to keep talking is their choice. Basically India is inclined to wait and watch which is their best option. If Pakistan believes it can continue to house and protect criminals and terrorists wanted in India and expect diplomatic breakthroughs they are living in Dreamland. Indian citizens want their Government to provide leadership and Economic growth and avoid wasting time on meaningless talks. Maybe Pakistan needs an economic collapse because voluntarily they are unable to bring about the desired change in policies that will put the country on the road to Peace, Prosperity and Progress. Wishing both countries Good Luck !

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  • someshwar Guru
    Aug 11, 2011 - 5:30PM

    Hi brothers and sisters of Pakistan in the holy monthof Ramjan let us pray to God that let a healthy ddemocracy prevail &lstabilise in pakistan Almighty has send an angle in H.E. Heena rabbani as foreign minister of pakistan to normalise the rotten relation between the two countries which has been reached to its lowestebb only due to Vested interest on both sides of the border.if problems are soved all the milatry deals will have tobe withdran where from they will earrn insted of earning through military warfare deals let them earn thogh peacefull , progress and development deals. Religeion should not be allowed as bhndrebce in the devlopment & normalisation of good relation beetween the two neighbouring countries.
    on the eve of Indipedence day of Pakistan I congratulate all the pakistanis.
    Someshwar guru
    Raigarh Chhattisgarh (INDIA)

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